Who is the author of the short story of drought?

Kemarau is one of the novels by AA Navis which was first published by NV Nusantara, Bukittinggi in 1957, the second edition was published by Pustaka Jaya, Jakarta in 1977, and the third edition was published by Grasindo, Jakarta in 1992. -Another work of AA Navis, the novel Kemarau is also inspired by the film Naked Island. This novel tells the story that when the long dry season hit this country, the farmers felt increasingly desperate. Their fields and fields are very dry and the hot weather is very stinging. This situation made them no longer want to work on their fields or irrigate their fields. They just laze around and play cards. However, there is a farmer who is not lazy, Sutan Duano. In this long dry state, he continues to irrigate his fields by lifting water from the lake around their village so that the rice continues to grow. He ignored the heat of the sun that burned his body. He also tried to give lectures to mothers who took part in the recitation at their village surau. However, none of the farmers paid attention to his lectures let alone followed his steps. It seemed, the despair of the villagers had reached its peak. One day there was a little boy named Acin who helped him irrigate the fields so the two took turns taking water from the lake and irrigating their fields. Villagers who saw the cooperation between the two did not imitate what they did, but gossiped and spread slander, that Sutan Duano was trying to get the attention of Gundam, the boy's mother, who was indeed a widow. In fact, a widow who had a crush on Sutan Duano then believed the rumors.

The rumors heated Sutan Duano's ears even more, but he did not respond and remained calm. One day he received a telegram from Masri, his son whom he had neglected for twenty years. The boy asked him to go to Surabaya. In his heart, he wanted to meet his only child, but he didn't want to leave the little boy who still needed his guidance. After careful consideration, he decided to go to Surabaya. Meanwhile, the villagers feel the loss of his disappearance. Especially after they proved that all the suggestions given by Sutan Duano paid off. They regretted having misunderstood him. Meanwhile, when Sutan Duano arrived in Surabaya, his heart was broken when he met his son's parents. It turns out that his son-in-law is Yah, his ex-wife. He was angry with Iyah for marrying two brothers. Because of his anger, Sutan Duano threatened to tell Masri and Arni. However, Iyah tried to stop her by hitting her ex-husband's head with a piece of wood. If Arni hadn't stopped him, it was very likely that Sutan Duano would not have survived. Seeing her ex-husband covered in blood, Iyah felt sorry then she told Arni that Sutan Duano was her ex-husband.

The criticism that Navis makes through his works is sharply sarcastic, but full of humor.

How surprised Arni heard it. He then told Masri about it, so they agreed to separate. Not long after, Iyah died, while Sutan Duano returned to his hometown and married Gundam. Through the novel Kemarau, AA Navis wants to insinuate two sides of society in understanding Islamic law. On the one hand, the society that Navis insinuated is a society that only cares about worship in a narrow sense and is lazy to work. On the other hand, he emphasized the importance of hard work because hard work is also an important part of our worship (Damono, 1992). More specifically, in the work of AA Navis, there is a sharp criticism of Muslims who have a very shallow understanding of the nature of Islamic teachings. AA Navis through his works has great attention to religious themes, especially Islam. Therefore, Ajip Rosidi in his book Ikhtisar History of Indonesian Literature (1982) mentions AA Navis as an Islamic author. His great attention to Islamic themes distinguished him from his contemporaries who were more concerned with contemplating life (Sumardjo, 1992). Navis' works on the one hand satirize people who only care about worship in a narrow sense, but are lazy to work; on the other hand emphasizes the importance of hard work because hard work is also an important part of our worship (AA Putu Wijaya in his article entitled "Our Faces in the Eyes of Navis" in Tempo magazine (Year XX, No. 45, January 5, 1991) said that Navis's critiques were expressed in a subtle style of humor and fresh dialogues so that there was no impression of patronizing the reader. The criticism that Navis makes through his works is sharply sarcastic, but full of humor. Navis poked without clenching his fists. Ready Susanto in his article entitled "The Rainbow of Irony", Navis' sarcasm sharpness is the sharpness of adults. He often asked and the question he asked was actually a satire about a situation that he knew very well about.

Sword Art Online is a Japanese light novel series written by Reki Kawahara with accompanying illustrations drawn by abec. The series takes place in the near-future and focuses on various virtual reality MMORPG worlds. ASCII Media Works began publishing the novels on April 10, 2009 under their Dengeki Bunko imprint. Russia. With more than 16 million copies in print worldwide, there are future plans for publications in Germany, Italy, Austria, Switzerland, Vietnam and others. Kawahara also began writing a parallel series of light novels titled Sword Art Online: Progressive, a spin-off that focuses on the clearing of Aincrad, unlike the Aincrad stories of the main series. As of June 10, 2021, eight volumes have been published as part of the Progressive series. In addition to the original storyline of Sword Art Online and Sword Art Online: Progressive, Kawahara has also written and published Sword Art Online side stories. Accel World, have been sold at Comitia, Dengeki Bunko's Fair and have come along with the limited edition Blu-Ray/DVD Sword Art Online compilation volumes.

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Before Sword Art Online was published, Kawahara had posted Sword Art Online novels on his website and there are still a few side stories on Sword Art Online, although the original novels have been removed. In addition, Kawahara has published a side story of Sword Art Online in one of his other works, Accel World. In the tenth volume of Accel World, there is a chapter where it depicts a cross over between Sword Art Online and Accel World. Several of the side stories that he has released are in a collection called the Sword Art Online Material Edition, sold at the Comitia dōjinshi-selling event, which range from novels to manga. However, all of the art in the Material Editions is drawn by Kawahara himself. Aside from the light novels written by Kawahara, there are also two spin-offs written by other authors with supervision by him. The first one is Sword Art Online Alternative: Gun Gale Online series written by Keiichi Sigsawa and illustrated by Kouhaku Kuroboshi, while the other is Sword Art Online Alternative: Clover's Regret, written by Watase Souichirou and illustrated by Ginta. While both of these series take place in the same world as the main series written by Kawahara, they each feature different characters as the focus compared to the main series.

Afterword of the first light novel volume.(April 2009).1〉アインクラッド (電撃文庫) (in Japanese).26 V (in Japanese).(October 2012).1 (電撃文庫) (in Japanese).(June 2021).8 (電撃文庫) (in Japanese). Kawahara, Reki.(in Japanese).

Sword Art Online"Light Novel and Manga Release Details Listed". Kawahara, Reki (22 April 2014). Sword Art Online 1: Aincrad.(10 August 2009).2〉アインクラッド (電撃文庫) (in Japanese). Sword Art Online 2: Aincrad.(10 December 2009).3〉フェアリィ・ダンス (電撃文庫) (in Japanese). Sword Art Online 3: Fairy Dance.(April 2010).4〉フェアリィ・ダンス (電撃文庫) (in Japanese). Sword Art Online 4: Fairy Dance.(August 2010).5〉ファントム・バレット (電撃文庫) (in Japanese).

10 February 2012).(9) (電撃文庫) (in Japanese).

Sword Art Online 5. Yen On.(December 2010).(6) (電撃文庫) (in Japanese). Sword Art Online 6. Yen On.(April 2011).7〉マザーズ・ロザリオ (電撃文庫) (in Japanese). Sword Art Online 7. Yen On.(August 2011).8〉アーリー・アンド・レイト (電撃文庫) (in Japanese). Sword Art Online 8. Yen On. (10 February 2012).(9) (電撃文庫) (in Japanese). Sword Art Online 9. Yen On.(July 2012).10〉アリシゼーション・ランニング (電撃文庫) (in Japanese).

Sword Art Online 10. Yen On.(December 2012).11 (電撃文庫) (in Japanese). Sword Art Online 11. Yen On.(April 2013).(12) (電撃文庫) (in Japanese). Sword Art Online 12. Yen On.(10 August 2013).(13) (in Japanese). Sword Art Online 13. Yen On.14 (in Japanese). Sword Art Online 14. Yen On. 15 (in Japanese). Sword Art Online 15. Yen On.(in Japanese).


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