Who Invented the 4 Stroke Engine

Do you have a motorbike at home? What's the use? to accompany your mother to the market or to be your means of transportation? Before the 4 stroke engine was created, first the motorcycle engine used 2 stroke engine technology which was very noisy and wasteful of oil, after the 2 stroke era, do you know who created the 4 stroke engine aka the previous generation refinement engine from 2 stroke? 4 stroke which until now is widely used by motorcycles? The inventor of the internal combustion engine was born on June 14, 1832 in Holzhausen (Germany) named Nicolaus August Otto, more The invention of the 4 stroke engine by Otto was based on the invention of the 2 stroke engine that uses gas fuel which was invented by Etiene Lenoir. This made Otto continue to think that if he used liquid fuel, the 2-stroke engine would be easy to operate. So Otto made a carburetor design and patented it, but the design was rejected by the patent agency, because there was a similar device designed by someone else. Before discussing further about Otto, we will discuss a little about Otto's life journey. Initially Otto worked as a salesman selling tea, sugar and coffee, then quit in 1864. Otto was more focused on his inventions, so he started dreaming and founded the Engine Manufacturing Company NA & Otto, which was the first company or factory to produce internal combustion engines in Indonesia. German. Otto continued to pursue and perfect Entiene Lenoir's inventions.

Their cooperation is able to advance the factory that has been established.

In 1862, Otto had created a new engine model that worked on the basis of four rotational thrusts and had already begun to manufacture this type of engine. In the same year he met his partner a sugar entrepreneur named Eugenne Langen who financed all of his research and creation. In 1867 a two-speed engine using gas fuel was awarded a medal at the WORD FAIR held in Paris. In 1872, Otto recruited a young engineer named Gottlieb Daimler. Their cooperation is able to advance the factory that has been established. Furthermore, the Otto engine has become a pioneer in the manufacture of cars Gottlieb Daimer and Karl Benz. The first Daimer car was made to have a power of 6 horsepower, and was sold to the Prince of Wales. Although he has made a lot of profit from the sale of the 2-stroke engine, it doesn't make Otto forget his dream of a 4-stroke engine that compresses a mixture of fuel oil and air before combustion occurs which can be the driving force for rotation. In 1876 he had succeeded in creating the first 4 stroke engine model, and the patent was obtained a year later. The 4-stroke engine received a very good response, within 10 years it had sold more than 30. 000 machines, it makes the Leonir type machines to be left out. In 1886, Otto's invention was disputed by a Frenchman named Alphonse Beau de Rochas, because he had the same idea in 1862. However, Alphonse cannot be considered the inventor of the 4 stroke engine because it was never published and marketed, even though it was patented. Otto got the idea of ​​​​making a 4-stroke engine from a 2-stroke engine created by Lenoir, so he did not lose his patent and his machine is still selling well in the market. Otto died in 1891 at the age of 59.

ASCII Media Works began publishing the novels on April 10, 2009 under their Dengeki Bunko imprint.

Sword Art Online is a Japanese light novel series written by Reki Kawahara with accompanying illustrations drawn by abec. The series takes place in the near-future and focuses on various virtual reality MMORPG worlds. ASCII Media Works began publishing the novels on April 10, 2009 under their Dengeki Bunko imprint. Russia. With more than 16 million copies in print worldwide, there are future plans for publications in Germany, Italy, Austria, Switzerland, Vietnam and others. Kawahara also began writing a parallel series of light novels titled Sword Art Online: Progressive, a spin-off that focuses on the clearing of Aincrad, unlike the Aincrad stories of the main series. As of June 10, 2021, eight volumes have been published as part of the Progressive series. In addition to the original storyline of Sword Art Online and Sword Art Online: Progressive, Kawahara has also written and published Sword Art Online side stories. Accel World, have been sold at Comitia, Dengeki Bunko's Fair and have come along with the limited edition Blu-Ray/DVD Sword Art Online compilation volumes.

Before Sword Art Online was published, Kawahara had posted Sword Art Online novels on his website and there are still a few side stories on Sword Art Online, although the original novels have been removed. In addition, Kawahara has published a side story of Sword Art Online in one of his other works, Accel World. In the tenth volume of Accel World, there is a chapter where it depicts a cross over between Sword Art Online and Accel World. Several of the side stories that he has released are in a collection called the Sword Art Online Material Edition, sold at the Comitia dōjinshi-selling event, which range from novels to manga. However, all of the art in the Material Editions is drawn by Kawahara himself. Aside from the light novels written by Kawahara, there are also two spin-offs written by other authors with supervision by him. The first one is Sword Art Online Alternative: Gun Gale Online series written by Keiichi Sigsawa and illustrated by Kouhaku Kuroboshi, while the other is Sword Art Online Alternative: Clover's Regret, written by Watase Souichirou and illustrated by Ginta. While both of these series take place in the same world as the main series written by Kawahara, they each feature different characters as the focus compared to the main series.

Afterword of the first light novel volume.(April 2009).1〉アインクラッド (電撃文庫) (in Japanese).26 V (in Japanese).(October 2012).1 (電撃文庫) (in Japanese).(June 2021).8 (電撃文庫) (in Japanese). Kawahara, Reki.(in Japanese).

Want To Have A More Appealing Manga? Read This!

Sword Art Online"Light Novel and Manga Release Details Listed". Kawahara, Reki (22 April 2014). Sword Art Online 1: Aincrad.(10 August 2009).2〉アインクラッド (電撃文庫) (in Japanese). Sword Art Online 2: Aincrad.(10 December 2009).3〉フェアリィ・ダンス (電撃文庫) (in Japanese). Sword Art Online 3: Fairy Dance.(April 2010).4〉フェアリィ・ダンス (電撃文庫) (in Japanese). Sword Art Online 4: Fairy Dance.(August 2010).5〉ファントム・バレット (電撃文庫) (in Japanese).

Sword Art Online 5. Yen On.(December 2010).(6) (電撃文庫) (in Japanese). Sword Art Online 6. Yen On.(April 2011).7〉マザーズ・ロザリオ (電撃文庫) (in Japanese). Sword Art Online 7. Yen On.(August 2011).8〉アーリー・アンド・レイト (電撃文庫) (in Japanese). Sword Art Online 8. Yen On. (10 February 2012).(9) (電撃文庫) (in Japanese). Sword Art Online 9. Yen On.(July 2012).10〉アリシゼーション・ランニング (電撃文庫) (in Japanese).

Sword Art Online 14. Yen On.

Sword Art Online 10. Yen On.(December 2012).11 (電撃文庫) (in Japanese). Sword Art Online 11. Yen On.(April 2013).(12) (電撃文庫) (in Japanese). Sword Art Online 12. Yen On.(10 August 2013).(13) (in Japanese). Sword Art Online 13. Yen On.14 (in Japanese). Sword Art Online 14. Yen On. 15 (in Japanese). Sword Art Online 15. Yen On.(in Japanese).

Sword Art Online 18. Yen On.

Sword Art Online 16. Yen On.17 (in Japanese). Sword Art Online 17. Yen On.18 (in Japanese). Sword Art Online 18. Yen On. Yen Press (November 12, 2019). "Hi! Thanks for bringing this to our attention. Sword Art Online 18 is being released January 7th. We'll be sure to have the paperback listing on our site updated as soon as possible".19 (in Japanese). Sword Art Online 19. Yen On.20 (in Japanese). Sword Art Online 20. Yen On. 21 (in Japanese).22 (in Japanese).

23 II (in Japanese).23 III (in Japanese).25 IV (in Japanese). Sword Art Online Progressive 1. Yen On.(December 2013).(2) (電撃文庫) (in Japanese). Sword Art Online Progressive 2. Yen On.(10 December 2014).(3) (電撃文庫) (in Japanese). Sword Art Online Progressive 3. Yen On.(10 December 2015).4 (電撃文庫) (in Japanese).


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