The first anime or manga to have all the elements of the harem genre is Tenchi Muyo! Ryo-Ohki (anime OVA: 1992). It has multiple female characters pursuing the same male lead, a constant presence in his life, in this case living with him in the same house. Like most examples of this genre the main character acquired his harem accidentally and doesn't actually want all these women pursuing him. Also like many examples of the genre the female characters are very extraordinary, far from ordinary Japanese girls. You can see the origins of the genre in other manga and anime series that had many of the same tropes but never put them all together. For example Oh My Goddess! 1988, OVA anime: 1993) has three goddesses living in the same house with the main character, although only one is interested in him romantically. Ranma 1/2 (manga: 1987, TV anime: 1989) has a main character with a number of different suits over the course of the long series, both female and male, but they don't form a harem as most of these characters only make occasional appearances. A likely influence of the harem genre is the reverse harem genre. While you'd think from its name the reverse harem genre came later, the trope of a woman with many suitors is probably old as storytelling. The suitors of Penelope in the Odyssey (ca.
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108 men who pursued Penelope, the wife of the presumed dead Odysseus, while all living together in his home. While the Odyssey probably wasn't a direct influence on the genre, shoujo romance series like Fushigi Yuugi (manga: 1992, TV anime: 1995) and Hanasakeru Seishounen (manga: 1987, TV anime 2009) have pretty much all the elements you' d expect in the harem genre except with the male/female roles exchanged. Another possible influence would be love triangles appearing various male oriented series like Maison Ikkoku (manga: 1980, TV anime: 1986) and Kimagure Orange Road (manga: 1984, TV anime: 1987). Yet another possible influence are dating sim and ren'ai visual novel games were the player can pursue one or more of a number different love interests. While the structure is different, when these games get turned into anime shows they're often become harem anime. As for why the harem genre is popular it's hard to say. The obvious answer is that it provides the stereotypical shy-with-women male otaku with a sort of escapism and wish fulfillment they can't get from other genres. However I don't think it would be as popular if it was just that. I think subverting the age old trope of a woman with many suitors is a big part. It provides a lot of comedic potential in what in real life would seem absurd: a number of always attractive and usually exceptional women all openly pursing the same ordinary looking usually kind of awkward guy.
The Quintessential Quintuplets (Japanese:, Hepburn: Go-Tōbun no Hanayome, lit. Japanese manga series written and illustrated by Negi Haruba. It was serialized in Kodansha's Weekly Shōnen Magazine from August 2017 to February 2020, with its chapters collected into fourteen tankōbon volumes. The series follows the daily life of a high school student Futaro Uesugi, who is hired as a private tutor for a group of identical quintuplets: Ichika, Nino, Miku, Yotsuba, and Itsuki Nakano. At the very beginning of the story, it is shown that the events are being told in a flashback, while an adult Futaro prepares to marry one of the Nakano Quintuplets whose identity is only revealed near the end of the series. The series is published in English by Kodansha USA under the Kodansha Comics imprint. The anime series is licensed in North America under a Crunchyroll-Funimation partnership. An anime television series adaptation produced by Tezuka Productions aired from January to March 2019 on TBS and other channels. The series is a commercial success, being the 5th best-selling manga in 2019, and the 3rd best-selling manga in the first half of 2020 in Japan. In 2019, the manga won the award for the shnen category at the 43rd annual Kodansha Manga Awards. High school student Futaro Uesugi is an academically gifted student that leads a difficult life-his mother has died, he has no friends, and on top of all that, his father has incurred a large amount of debt. An opportunity presents itself when the rich Nakano family transfers to his school.
Futaro is promptly hired as a highly paid tutor. However, much to Futaro's dismay, he discovers that his five charges-identical quintuplet sisters of varied personalities-have no interest in studying at all and have abysmal grades. Some of the quintuplets are against having Futaro, whom they view as a stranger, in their apartment, but Futaro's diligent tenacity gradually convinces those girls to accept him and to improve their grades. Throughout the series, Futaro develops special relationships with each of the quintuplets. Through a flashforward, it is revealed that he eventually marries one of them, but her true identity is only revealed near the end of the series. The idea of "a group of quintuplets falling in love with the same person" existed even before the serialization of Haruba's previous work, Karma of Purgatory (2014-2015), but was very simple at that time. The idea was denied by his editor-in-charge. A year after, after the end of Karma of Purgatory, he discussed with his editor-in-charge what to serialize next.
Haruba said it might be a reference to Super Sentai when he came up with this idea.
Among the few ideas being come up with, the "quintuplets" idea was included again, which was accepted by the editor this time. After failures in two to three serialization committees, finally, it was decided to have a one-shot manga published first. The one-shot received positive reviews and therefore went on to serialization. It was decided the protagonist should be quintuplets at the very beginning. When later the idea of quadruplets and sextuplets was raised, it was rejected very quickly, around 30 seconds. Haruba said it might be a reference to Super Sentai when he came up with this idea. Similar to Super Sentai, Ichika (yellow), Nino (black), Miku (blue), Yotsuba (green), and Itsuki (red) are all represented by a color. The design of the quintuplets started from his favorite existing female characters from "some slice-of-life works only with girls", around 15 to 20 of them. The idea of adding numbers in their names was after the design was almost confirmed.
The hair color of the Nakano quintuplets is different when being colored, which was suggested by Haruba himself, such that they are more distinguishable from each other. The hair color of the bride in the flashforward is, therefore, a colour-in-between. The flashforward showing that Futaro will eventually marry only one of the Nakano quintuplets was added in order to eliminate the possibility of Futaro marrying all five of them. It was also decided that all quintuplets would have negative feelings towards Futaro from the beginning, because Haruba wanted to write how their relationships improved from hate to love in the story, except Yotsuba, who acts as Futaro's guide for the development of the story. While it is often the norm for harem romantic comedy manga to have sexualized depictions of characters, Haruba has said that he tried to avoid this to some extent after Vol. In his opinion, showing panties which are being worn, ieTo keep the characters interesting, the sexy scenes were intended by him to be ambiguous but not straightforward, leading to readers' imagination. The swimsuit appearance of the Nakanos was finally revealed in Ep.
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92 as Haruba thought an episode of swimsuits should exist before finishing the story. The Quintessential Quintuplets is written and illustrated by Negi Haruba. Before the serialization, a one-shot manga of the same name had been published in 2017 issue 8 of Kodansha's Weekly Shōnen Magazine on August 9, 2017, and received positive comments. On December 4, 2019, Haruba announced that the series would end on its 14th tankōbon volume. The series finished on February 19, 2020, with a total of 122 chapters. The series has been published in English by Kodansha USA under their Kodansha Comics imprint digitally since June 28, 2018, with a line of physical releases beginning publication on January 1, 2019. By August 2020 and July 2021 respectively, all fourteen volumes have been published digitally and physically. In October 2017, a television commercial for the manga was released where Ayane Sakura voiced all five girls. The series is directed by Satoshi Kuwabara and written by Keiichirō chi, featuring animation by Tezuka Productions, character designs by Michinosuke Nakamura and Gagakuga, and music by Natsumi Tabuchi, Hanae Nakamura, and Miki Sakurai. The series aired from January 10 to March 28, 2019 on the TBS, SUN, and BS-TBS channels. The series ran for 12 episodes. Crunchyroll streamed the series with Funimation providing the English dub as it airs. Although Tezuka Productions was the main animation studio behind the series, TBS producer Junichirou Tanaka stated that he asked for help from Shaft president Mitsutoshi Kubota for assistance in producing the series' 11th episode. It was ultimately decided that the studio would be outsourced to for the entire episode save for the episode's storyboards, which were drawn by series director Satoshi Kuwabara; however, all other animation, coloring, and compositing aspects of the episode were produced entirely at Shaft.
Kaori is Replacing Satoshi Kuwabara as the director of the season, and Keiichirō chi is returning to write the scripts. Bilbury Animation Studios produced this season. After the second season finished airing, a sequel was announced. On April 18, 2021, the sequel was revealed to be a film. Masato Jinbo directed the film, with the main staff of the second season returning to reprise their roles. For the first season, Kana Hanazawa, Ayana Taketatsu, Miku Itō, Ayane Sakura, and Inori Minase performed the opening theme song "Quintuplet Feelings" (五等分の気持ち, Gotōbun no Kimochi) as the group The Nakano Family's Quintuplets (中野家, Nakano-ke no Itsutsugo), while Aya Uchida performed the ending theme song "Sign". For the second season, The Nakano Family's Quintuplets performed the opening theme song "Gotōbun no Katachi" and the ending theme song "Hatsukoi". Children's Playground Entertainment licensed the series in Southeast Asia and streamed it on Bilibili. Characters from the series appeared in a collaboration event in the mobile video game Venus 11 Vivid! A visual novel titled The Quintessential Quintuplets : Summer Memories Also Come in Five (五等分の花嫁∬～夏の思い出も五等分～, Gotoubun no Hanayome : Natsu no Omoide mo Gotoubun) was developed by Mages for the PlayStation 4 and Nintendo Switch consoles.
The series was nominated for the Next Manga Award 2018, organized by Niconico.
It features an original story in a deserted island setting, and was released on March 25, 2021 in Japan. A visual novel based on the film, titled The Quintessential Quintuplets Movie: Five Memories of My Time with You (映画 ～君と過ごした五つの思い出～, Eiga Gotoubun no Hanayome Kimi to Sugoshita Itsutsu no Omoide) was developed by Mages for the Nintendo Switch and PlayStation 4, and was released on June 2, 2022 in Japan. 3rd best selling manga in the first half of 2020, coming after Demon Slayer: Kimetsu no Yaiba and One Piece. The Quintessential Quintuplets received positive reviews, most notably for its romantic comedy and harem elements. Kyle Rogacion of Goomba Stomp praised the plot of the anime but criticized its art style and fanservice gags. The series was nominated for the Next Manga Award 2018, organized by Niconico. It received 16,106 votes, eventually ranking eighth overall. In May 2019, it won the award for Best Shōnen Manga at the 43rd annual Kodansha Manga Awards, alongside To Your Eternity.
On the award ceremony of the 43rd annual Kodansha Manga Awards, as one of the judges, Ken Akamatsu praised The Quintessential Quintuplets as "The ultimate complete version of harem bishōjo romantic comedy" with "very high quality of illustration". Known in Japan as Go-tōbun no Hanayome (五等分の花嫁∬). Gotoubun no Hanayome "CM". 5分の4の読者に嫌われる覚悟で。. Livedoor News (in Japanese).. Magazine Pocket (in Japanese). 8号に掲載された読み切り『五等分の花嫁』が話題「こんなに続きが気になる読み切り初めて！. Rafael Antonio Pineda (December 4, 2019). "The Quintessential Quintuplets Manga Ends in 14th Volume".. Sherman, Jennifer; Pineda, Rafael (July 7, 2018). "Kodansha USA Adds The Seven Deadly Sins: Seven Days, Love in Focus, Witch Hat Atelier Manga". Loo, Egan (November 25, 2018). "The Quintessential Quintuplets Anime Reveals More Cast, Theme Song Artists, January 10 Debut". Ressler, Karen (January 9, 2018). "Crunchyroll to Stream B-Project 2, Date A Live III, ENDRO!, Quintessential Quintuplets Anime". Mateo, Alex (January 9, 2018). "Funimation to Stream Dubs for Date A Live III, ENDRO!, The Quintessential Quintuplets Anime, More Star Blazers 2202". Anime News Network. INTERVIEW Livedoor News (in Japanese).