By: Helmina Kastanya, S.Pd. Basically the order of life in a particular society is a concrete reflection of abstract cultural values (Koentjaraningrat, 1980). Talking about culture, in it we will find the term pamali or taboo. Pamali as one part of the culture of society that is passed down by parents to their children and grandchildren is no longer a strange thing to hear or talk about. The term pamali has spread widely from rural to urban areas. According to Hidayat (2013), pamali is defined as a concept that functions as a prohibition for someone to do something on the basis that if violated is believed to bring disaster, both that will befall yourself and the community at large. In addition, according to Yayuk (2011), pamali is also considered a folklore which is very widely spread among the community so that behind the 'kepamalian' it contains something hidden which has certain meanings and values according to the adaptation of reason. The Maluku people are one of the people who still adhere to customs and traditions so that cultural values have a very deep meaning. The strength of these traditional values makes people unable to reject various heritages of knowledge and beliefs in culture from their ancestors. The community can only make adjustments to various rules regarding culture which include the order of life and customs. In relation to pamali in Maluku, pamali is much more effective as a norm or rule than other written rules. Although it is not written down as a societal norm, some people will obey it. This is closely related to trust.
3. Take an odd number of photos together.
Pamali will function as a norm for the community if the community itself has confidence in the pamali. Trust is a subjective view that is believed by individuals that an object or event has its own characteristics. Culture plays an important role in forming a trust in society. Beliefs and values are believed to contribute in the context of the sociology of literature, so pamali is translated as local wisdom, a value that is believed and studied traditionally and from generation to generation. The following is an example of pamali found in society which indirectly occupied the function as an oral norm to regulate people's lives. 1. Switch places at mealtime. Do not change places at mealtime because later it will result in getting a stepmother unless you move to a better position, for example, initially eating on the floor, then moving to the proper dining table. If you do that, you will quickly get a better job. 2. Screaming obscenities in the forest. Do not shout while speaking dirty words while in the forest because you will soon be entered by an evil spirit (trance). 3. Take an odd number of photos together. Don't take an odd number of photos because one of them will die quickly.
Parents often prohibit their daughters from sitting right in front of the door because it is feared that a creature will pass through the door and you will get sick. 5. The habit of throwing away leftovers on the grounds that they are still full. If we throw away leftovers because we feel full, it is believed that one year later we will experience successive family clashes. 6. Clipping nails at night. Clipping nails at night is believed to shorten a person's life. 7. Combing hair while walking. Do not comb your hair while walking, because you will be embarrassed in public. 8. Take a shower in broad daylight. Do not bathe in broad daylight because it will make you old quickly. 9. Selling razors and needles at night. Do not sell razors and needles at night because it will result in the shop, your business will go bankrupt. Do not sell salt at night because it will bring bankruptcy to your shop, shop, business. Some of the examples above are forms of pamali which are still believed to be true. There are many other examples which if interpreted rationally have a more meaningful meaning. The description above shows that pamali is a form of belief that is passed down from generation to generation which can indirectly act as norms that govern society. In addition, the pamali that are still being passed on to this day give us an illustration that before the rules were made in writing, our parents in ancient times tried to regulate their lives by creating oral norms such as pamali.
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Moon Breathing (月 (つき) (こ) (きゅう), Tsuki no kokyū?) is a Breathing Style derived from the Sun Breathing used by Upper Rank One, Kokushibō, who was one of the first Demon Slayers who utilized breathing techniques. The techique allows the user to create many "chaotic blades" when slashing that varies in length and size. It is known that Kokushibō continued to develop and add techniques to the Breathing Style over the centuries as an immortal Demon. At this point in the story, it is the only known Breathing Style to possess at least 20 different techniques, easily surpassing the other Breathing Styles. It has been revealed that, like all of the other original breathing styles, the Moon Breathing also branched out of the Sun Breathing. When its creator, Michikatsu Tsugikuni, attempted to learn the Sun Breathing from his twin brother, Yoriichi Tsugikuni, he discovered he was unable to master the breathing style and so was instead trained in an alternate Breathing Style. Yoriichi created it fit and cover his individual strengths and weaknesses, and Michikatsu then continued to train and develop this breathing until it eventually evolved into its own unique Breathing Style, which he named the Moon Breathing.
First Form: Dark Moon, Evening Palace (壹 (いち) (かた) (やみ) (づき) (よい) (みや), Ichi no kata: Yamidzuki - Yoi no Miya? ) - Kokushibō draws his sword and slashes swiftly in a single motion; like with all Moon Breathing techniques, numerous chaotic blades originate from the slash. This technique resembles Iaijutsu. Second Form: Pearl Flower Moongazing (貳 (に) (かた) (しゅ) (か) (ろう) (げつ), Ni no kata: Shuka no Rōgetsu?) - Kokushibō performs several slashes while sending a barrage of chaotic blades forward. Third Form: Loathsome Moon, Chains (參 (さん) (かた) (えん) (き) (づき) (つが), San no kata: Enkizuki - Tsugari?) - Kokushibō swings his sword rapidly in two gigantic crescents slashes, from which a storm of smaller crescents spread.
This technique causes huge destruction in a small area. Fourth Form: Solar Rings, Frostmoon (肆 (し) (かた) (たい) (よう) (りん) (しも) (づき), Shi no kata: Taiyōrin - Shimodzuki? ) - Kokushibō performs a circular small cyclone slashes of chaotic blades straight towards his opponent. Fourth Form: Improved, Red Sun over Paradise (肆 (し) (かた) (かい) (あっき) (よう) (らく) (えん), Shi no kata kai: Akk' yō Rakuen?) - Kokushibō spins his blade slicing through the ground and ripping it out. Causing multiple 180 slashes across the area to be sented towards his opponents as chaotic blades appear when near the enemy slicing into their body. As the circular slashes spin grinding into the enemys skin.
Kokushibō performed this attack without swinging his blade.
Fifth Form: Moon Spirit Calamitous Eddy (伍 (ご) (かた) (げっ) (ぱく) (さい) (か), Go no kata: Geppaku Saika?) - Kokushibō makes multiple curved slashes layered over one another, resembling a rising vortex. Numerous chaotic blades originate from these slashes. Kokushibō performed this attack without swinging his blade. Sixth Form: Perpetual Night, Lonely Moon - Incessant (陸 (ろく) (かた) (とこ) (よ) (こ) (げつ) (む) (けん), Roku no kata: Tokoyo Kogetsu - Muken?) - Kokushib releases a wild storm of slashes in multiple directions. This technique was powerful enough to not only slice up multiple Hashira around him but also overwhelm the Wind Hashira Sanemi Shinazugawa.
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Seventh Form: Mirror of Misfortune, Moonlit (漆 (しち) (かた) (やっ) (きょう) (づき) (ば), Shichi no kata: Yakkyō - Dzukibae?) - Kokushibō swings his sword in a powerful frontal slash that then creates a multi directional frontal assault, powerful enough to create several deep gouges in the ground and push back two Hashira. Eighth Form: Moon-Dragon Ringtail (捌 (はち) (かた) (げつ) (りゆう) (りん) (び), Hachi no kata: Getsuryū Rinbi? ) - Kokushibō triples the range of his normal attack radius and creates a singular gigantic slash that slowly decreases in size.
Ninth Form: Waning Moonswaths (玖 (く) (かた) (くだ) (づき) (れん) (めん), Ku no kata: Kudaridzuki - Renmen?) - Kokushibō creates a seemingly endless stream of claw-like vertical and horizontal slashes, capable of cutting down his intended target from a long range. Tenth Form: Drilling Slashes, Moon Through Bamboo Leaves (拾 (じゅう) (かた) (せん) (めん) (ざん) (ら) (げつ), Jū no kata: Senmenzan - Ragetsu?) - Kokushibō creates a triple-layered slash twister, capable of mowing down his targets into three clean pieces.