Thick steam billowed in the air. Its dark shadow was clearly visible in the lamp hanging from the ceiling. Slowly the white steam disappeared, leaving with the scent it carried. In the room about 15 square meters, the smell of bread mixed with fresh fruit came one after another. There is no food here, the smell comes from the vapor of an e-cigarette or what is commonly called a vape. Unlike cigarettes, the volume of steam emitted by vape users is much more than doubled. For vape connoisseurs like Hastasih Danar, this activity is a taste adventure. He was never loyal to one scent of choice. This Yogyakarta resident has been using vaping since 2015, until now. Vape provides far more choices for its connoisseurs, both male and female. "It's fruity, cold. And if it's creamy, it tastes like coffee. Then there's also bread. In general, female vape users use fruit-flavored ones, while men choose the creamy and high-nicotine ones," Hasta told VOA. In front of Hasta, there are two tools for enjoying e-cigarettes, namely pods and mods.
In terms of size, the pod is smaller than the mod. Pods produce less steam compared to mods. E-cigarettes consist of three main elements, namely a metal heater (vaporizer), a battery, and a cartridge containing a chemical liquid. This vaporizer gave birth to the term vapor or vape, which is generally understood as an e-cigarette. Hasta claims, vaping is the most appropriate way for those who want to quit smoking. Vape nicotine levels can be adjusted to adjust in transition. In fact, there are vape liquids that contain absolutely no nicotine. "There are always new vape users, and usually the reason is because they want to quit smoking," said Hasta, who admitted that he only lasted a week enjoying conventional cigarettes. However, the claims presented by Hasta and the majority of vape users are not accepted by the medical community. A number of doctor organizations in Indonesia have openly asked the government to ban vaping. Inhaling steam from heating this liquid is considered no better than burning tobacco. They conveyed the statement in a discussion at the Ministry of Health office in Jakarta, on January 15, 2020, as reported by VOA. A big blow was also received by the vape user community in Indonesia from the religious organization Muhammadiyah. A fatwa was issued January 14, 2020, which essentially included vaping as illegal goods. This fatwa was first socialized at a meeting of Muhammadiyah administrators in Yogyakarta and Central Java, January 24, 2020 at the organization's head office, in Yogyakarta.
We get a point, that everything is not true.
Wawan Gunawan Abdul Wahid, a member of the Tarjih Council and Tajdid PP Muhammadiyah told VOA that this fatwa did not just come out. Muhammadiyah held several focus group discussions and seminars before compiling them. "The Tarjih Assembly and Tajdid PP Muhammadiyah saw that there was a misdirection carried out by interested parties, who produced or sold vapes, and that needed to be straightened out," said Wawan. Muhammadiyah also listened to the studies of experts, BP POM, BNN, and the Association of Lung Experts, to explore the campaigns related to vaping so far. "We get a point, that everything is not true. Even the WHO ten years ago more or less stated that vaping was not recommended at all to replace conventional cigarettes," added Wawan. Muhammadiyah has also issued a fatwa in 2010 regarding the smoking law, which places conventional cigarettes as haram goods. The fatwa of Muhammadiyah is contained in letter number 01/PER/LI/E/2020 regarding the e-cigarette smoking law. E-cigarettes or vaping are illegal because they are included in the category of consuming goods that damage or endanger. On the other hand, based on the objectives of sharia, the community is obliged to strive for the maintenance and improvement of health status.
Further explained, vaping contains elements of dropping into destruction and even an act of suicide sooner or later. Muhammadiyah cites several verses of the Qur'an, such as al-Baqarah (2: 195) and an-Nisa' (4: 29) as a basis for acting. The holy verse quoted in the fatwa does not mean that Muhammadiyah's attitude is a religious view. According to Wawan, Muhammadiyah as a religious organization, in this case, acts on the basis of health reasons. Muhammadiyah is also concerned that vape consumption has begun to penetrate children and adolescents. The haram fatwa, said Wawan, was referred to as a quick effort to anticipate further conditions. Vaping is also forbidden because it endangers the user and others who inhale the smoke. Wawan also added that Muhammadiyah recommended that the government stop vaping imports. It is not appropriate for the state to take advantage of vape excise, because its consumption burdens health costs. "We say, what we are doing is correcting the government's economic direction. Don't take the excise duty, while leaving the health alone. Because if public health is maximized, the government will know that the financing caused by smoking is three times the excise it gets. So loss, yes loss," said Wawan. Muhammadiyah asked the government to imitate the attitude of a number of countries that were more assertive regarding vaping. These countries, said Wawan, understand and have calculated the high health costs, if vaping use continues to rise. As a product, vaping slowly entered Indonesia because it was brought from abroad by the audience. Around 2012, vaping became popular even though its existence was considered unofficial. Slowly but surely, its popularity is increasing, as the number of users grows. Around 2014, Aldimaz Ghifari, who is still studying at a university in Yogyakarta, started using vaping.
While enjoying the bread-scented steam, the man who is familiarly called Aldi told VOA a lot about his choice to leave cigarettes and switch to vaping. Since five years ago, Aldi has also opened a vape shop which is quite popular among young people in Yogyakarta. Aldi admitted that smoking made him uncomfortable because of his allergic asthma. Since using the vape, Aldi claims, the pain never recurs. Therefore, he agrees that the majority of vape users are smokers. "I used to smoke for seven years since 2005. I used to have frequent relapses, I often had shortness of breath. It's very different from after vaping. When I started to open this shop, I always met new vape users whose reason was because I wanted to quit smoking," said Aldi. Aldi claims that vaping is much safer than cigarettes. The vapor is obtained from heating the liquid, not burning tobacco. "Besides the vape store, I have a net game business. We can see the air conditioner. On the net game, the air conditioner gets dirty quickly and the filter is black. In the vape store, the air conditioner is still clean. compare it," said Aldi with a laugh. In addition to health reasons, the switch from cigarettes to vaping is also based on economic calculations. Rough calculations, said Aldi, vape users spend only half of the amount spent when they were still smoking conventionally. Aldi also admitted that he was surprised because there was too much negative news about his hobby.
Anything can be misused," said Aldi.
For example, the potential for using drugs as a mixture of vape liquids. "People buy syringes at pharmacies, we don't know whether they are used correctly, used to inject chickens or for drugs. But syringes are free to sell until now. I think everything goes back to the user. Anything can be misused," said Aldi. The vape user community, such as Aldi, is following developments regarding the fatwa for vaping from Muhammadiyah. In the community, the issue attracts attention and becomes a topic of discussion. To VOA, Aldi firmly said that he was a member of Muhammadiyah and came from a large family who was also a Muhammadiyah activist. He understands that Muhammadiyah sees vaping as something that is useless or harmful in the language of religion. But he personally judged, the object had a good impact, at least for himself. "We use this in the right way, not abused, and indirectly as a smoking cessation tool. Muhammadiyah may issue this fatwa because it considers vaping useless. In our opinion, it is useful because it helps. According to those who don't use it, it's useless at all. Maybe there is a dialogue that has not been connected," said Aldi. Aldi also emphasized the commitment of the vape community to keep children away from these objects. Each store has a rule that only allows purchases by those 18 years and over. There will even be a change in the increase in the age of consumers to a minimum of 21 years. To the government, Aldi asked for fair treatment because so far vaping has mostly emerged from the negative side. Because they have paid excise duty, he added, vape users are entitled to state support. One of them is in the form of education for the community and the general public.
Sword Art Online is a Japanese light novel series written by Reki Kawahara with accompanying illustrations drawn by abec. The series takes place in the near-future and focuses on various virtual reality MMORPG worlds. ASCII Media Works began publishing the novels on April 10, 2009 under their Dengeki Bunko imprint. Russia. With more than 16 million copies in print worldwide, there are future plans for publications in Germany, Italy, Austria, Switzerland, Vietnam and others. Kawahara also began writing a parallel series of light novels titled Sword Art Online: Progressive, a spin-off that focuses on the clearing of Aincrad, unlike the Aincrad stories of the main series. As of June 10, 2021, eight volumes have been published as part of the Progressive series. In addition to the original storyline of Sword Art Online and Sword Art Online: Progressive, Kawahara has also written and published Sword Art Online side stories. Accel World, have been sold at Comitia, Dengeki Bunko's Fair and have come along with the limited edition Blu-Ray/DVD Sword Art Online compilation volumes.
39;s Regret, written by Watase Souichirou and illustrated by Ginta.
Before Sword Art Online was published, Kawahara had posted Sword Art Online novels on his website and there are still a few side stories on Sword Art Online, although the original novels have been removed. In addition, Kawahara has published a side story of Sword Art Online in one of his other works, Accel World. In the tenth volume of Accel World, there is a chapter where it depicts a cross over between Sword Art Online and Accel World. Several of the side stories that he has released are in a collection called the Sword Art Online Material Edition, sold at the Comitia dōjinshi-selling event, which range from novels to manga. However, all of the art in the Material Editions is drawn by Kawahara himself. Aside from the light novels written by Kawahara, there are also two spin-offs written by other authors with supervision by him. The first one is Sword Art Online Alternative: Gun Gale Online series written by Keiichi Sigsawa and illustrated by Kouhaku Kuroboshi, while the other is Sword Art Online Alternative: Clover's Regret, written by Watase Souichirou and illustrated by Ginta. While both of these series take place in the same world as the main series written by Kawahara, they each feature different characters as the focus compared to the main series.
Afterword of the first light novel volume.(April 2009).1〉アインクラッド (電撃文庫) (in Japanese).26 V (in Japanese).(October 2012).1 (電撃文庫) (in Japanese).(June 2021).8 (電撃文庫) (in Japanese). Kawahara, Reki.(in Japanese).
Sword Art Online"Light Novel and Manga Release Details Listed". Kawahara, Reki (22 April 2014). Sword Art Online 1: Aincrad.(10 August 2009).2〉アインクラッド (電撃文庫) (in Japanese). Sword Art Online 2: Aincrad.(10 December 2009).3〉フェアリィ・ダンス (電撃文庫) (in Japanese). Sword Art Online 3: Fairy Dance.(April 2010).4〉フェアリィ・ダンス (電撃文庫) (in Japanese). Sword Art Online 4: Fairy Dance.(August 2010).5〉ファントム・バレット (電撃文庫) (in Japanese).