An authentic Samurai sword, hand made in Japan (called a Shinken е‰Ј), can easily cost US$12,000 to $25,000 and up. Chinese made production level approximations are typically at least $1,000-$2,500 for something reasonably 'traditionalВ'. So why all this expense? What separates the real thing from cheap, mass produced swords like the $60 Musashi Katana pictured below? This article serves as a beginnerВ's introduction and overview to understanding the real thing: an Authentic Samurai Sword primer if you will. Plus we will also bust a few myths, and yes -В- we will probably upset a few purists in the process (always good fun). So letВ''s get into it! Antique Japanese swords, the most expensive ones hand made in Japan, and the high end 'traditionallyВ' forged Katana feature three distinct processes: folding, laminating and differential hardening (ieBut how many of these processes are necessary to produce a nicely performing Katana, especially considering the quality of modern industrial grade steel? Are these processes to make an authentic Samurai sword now obsolete, and only done for the sake of 'traditionВ'? Personally, I think that the amount of mis-information and pure BS about folded Japanese swords is staggering beyond belief.
Some people claim that a real Katana is folded over 1,000,000 times to create steel of such high quality that it can cut through gun barrels, armored personnel carriers and literally everything else it touches (good old Manga and Hollywood strike again!). However if we strip away the BS, the truth of it is in the traditional forging process - most of the steel billets that were destined to become swords were rarely folded over 15 times, creating up to a still numerically impressive 32,768 layers. But what do these mysterious extra layers actually DO? In medieval Japan, the quality of iron ore wasn'В't very good. But the innovative Japanese metal workers took the various slags of impure iron and purified it by flame over a period of around 72 hours days in a large specially made furnace called the Tatara, creating a steel called Tamagahane (jewel steel). But even this stuff wasn'В't as pure as it should be.
39; sword) they all have one thing in common.
So the Japanese sword smith would take it, and carefully fold it to try and homogenize and even out the carbon content. These days, not too many smiths other than those in Japan still make the sword this way -(Japanese smiths still have to by LAW) simply because the quality of modern steel billets or powder steel is so good that from a purely practical point of view В- you can literally just skip that step, or at least skip using Tamahagane and just fold it for the sake of tradition and satisfying the collector who wants a folded authentic Samurai sword. Unlike folding, which is largely done for traditions sake, Lamination does contribute to the essential physical characteristics of the Authentic Samurai sword. There are many different ways it can be done, and many different names for the ways - such as Kobuse (the most simple), Sanmai, Shoshu Kitae (the most complicated) etc. Some of the most common methods are shown below. However, apart from the Maru style (what we call today a 'monosteelВ' sword) they all have one thing in common. So while the techniques differ - the general principle is to create a blade with a very hard edge, surrounded by a more flexible 'jacketВ'. As a rule of thumb, the more complicated the technique - the more valuable/expensive the sword is (assuming it is done right that is!). So far, we have determined than an authentic Samurai sword is folded (for traditions sake) and laminated to create a hard inner core with a hard exposed edge and a more flexible 'jacketВ'.
I think we can already rule out folded swords.
Stripped down to the basics, the blade is covered in a layer of carefully applied clay, with a thick layer on the spine and a thin layer on the cutting edge. It is then heated up to a predetermined temperature (approx 750 degrees Celsius) and quenched in water. And what happens is that, as if by metallurgical magic - the edge that cools faster than the spine transforms into a totally different kind of steel called В'martensiteВ' - the hardest steel there is. So if you can only have one of these characteristics, which one should it be? I think we can already rule out folded swords. While the patterns they produce look nice (though are generally subdued by polishing on an authentic Samurai sword), they arguably add nothing to the swords overall functionality (indeed, the cheaper ones are usually actually weaker for it - with poor welds between the folds creating air pockets!). So the toss up is between lamination and differential hardening. In truth, both achieve about the same kind of results - assuming the correct combinations of steel are used in the laminating.
Because it not only achieves an almost identical result as laminating - but as a by product it produces a real hamon, such as on the wildly popular $300 Kaze and Kaze Ko Katana, pictured right. The downside to an authentic Samurai sword is that, especially production pieces, is that they are prone to taking a permanent bend (set) easier than the monosteel ones. The reason why is because, with two or more levels of hardness in the steel, any significant lateral force risks causing the blade to bend permanently out of shape - while other Maru (monosteel) swords, if made of a good steel and properly heat treated, should return to center. Well, I am glad you asked..! Why even bother with traditional blades? The truth is a tradition made Japanese Katana is a unique work of art and the outward manifestation of several artisans working together and striving for perfection of form and function.
And with Jay, Shelly is very clingy and flirtatious.
Scott Shelly ( Hangul:셸리 ) is one of the female protagonists in the webtoon. She begins a one-sided relationship with Jay at the start of the series but as the story progress they have a mutual crush on each other and as of chapter 378 they are in a relationship. Shelly is the only female member of the Humming Bird Crew. Because she stayed at England before coming to Korea her personality is perceived as very headstrong. She does not like it when people talk badly about her friends, especially Jay. Shelly also has a lot of stamina and strength, she can keep up with the group's pace when racing and can actually send people flying with her punch (Although that may be for comedic reasons) but never got into the street fights with the guys of the crew. When she was hit on in her first appearance on the series she refused with a lot of sass. Mia described her as someone who can confidently express her thoughts and feelings. Although her words are harsh, it is because she never sugar coated her words with her friends. And with Jay, Shelly is very clingy and flirtatious. She has very foreign features: pale skin, her eyes actually look more mint green in color than blue, blond wavy hair. It is known later in the series that she has a tattoo in the side of her arm near the wrist that reads out "temet nosce" or "Know Thyself". At school she wears her uniform usually without the red vest and both wears the skirt and pants.
Jay saw what happened and chased the thieves to get her purse back.
She is often seen wearing high-end brand clothing, but also occasionally wearing street wear and tomboyish clothes. When riding her bike, she usually wears a jacket and helmet with the same color as her eyes or the Hummingbird crew's hood. She is tall, with long thin legs, a small waist and a bigger bust. Not much is known about Shelly, but it is established that she is from England and she requested to transfer to Sunny High School because of Jay. It was told in an early episode (Ep. 27) that she will be in Korea for one semester. Shelly is the granddaughter of Sunny High School's principal, Nick. When Shelly was a kid, she didn't want to get married and promised Nick that she will just live with him forever, which caused Nick to think that Shelly is not interested to guys until she got interested in Jay. That also caused the over protectiveness of her grandfather. Jay saw what happened and chased the thieves to get her purse back. She refused on taking him to the hospital but Jay refused. She picked up his student ID that had fallen to the ground and, motivated by her encounter with Jay, called her grandfather, asking him to let her attend Sunny High School. Her second meeting with Jay was in their classroom. She kissed him out of the blue and the gossip that Shelly and Jay were in a relationship quickly spread around the school.
When Jay, Dom and Minu got suspended, Shelly visited them and scolded Dom and Minu badly about how Jay got caught with their actions. Jay got pissed and told her to screw off, she ended up crying and running away. When Jay was about to say sorry, he got a pink rose from Minu, saying that he should give it to her. He couldn't and Shelly went on saying that she'll forgive him if he became her boyfriend for a week and Jay agreed. She joined Hummingbird as the only female on the team, she continued to flirt with Jay and when Jay was teaching Mia how to ride a bike, she kept on intervening and wanting him to teach her even though she knows how. On a special episode, Shelly was seen riding a bike in Jay's neighborhood. Minu and Kay noticed her, Kay was thinking of who might Shelly go out with and ended up being shocked that it was his brother. In the last scene, Jay and Shelly are resting after riding their bike together, and she comments that Jay suits biking more than studying. The Preliminaries for the League of Street has started, only Dom and Jay were able to race at the first two rounds. After that, they found out that Jay's birthday was near and planned to celebrate it. She didn't showed up at school on his birthday because she was the one who prepared the gift that they got for him.