How many vice presidents is BJ Habibie?

Prof. Dr.-Ing. Ir. H. Bacharuddin Jusuf Habibie, FREng. The third President of the Republic of Indonesia. Previously, BJ Habibie served as the 7th Vice President of the Republic of Indonesia, replacing Try Sutrisno. Prior to entering politics, Habibie was widely known as a professor and scientist in international aviation technology and the only Indonesian president to date with a technocratic background. BJ Habibie is the Vice President and also the President of Indonesia with the shortest term of office. Kabila, Gorontalo and ethnic Javanese from his mother who came from Yogyakarta. Currently, the Gorontalo Provincial Government has initiated the construction of the BJ Habibie Monument in front of the main gate of Djalaluddin Airport, in Gorontalo Regency. In addition, the people of Gorontalo Province had also suggested that the name BJ Habibie be used as the name of the local state university, replacing the name of the State University of Gorontalo which is still in use. BJHabibie is the fourth child of eight children, the couple Alwi Abdul Jalil Habibie and RA Alwi Abdul Jalil Habibie (father of BJ Gorontalo. Meanwhile, RA Tuti Marini Puspowardojo (mother of BJ Yogyakarta and father named Puspowardjojo served as school owner. Habibie's clan is recorded historically came from the Kabila region, an area in Bone Bolango Regency, Gorontalo Province.From the family tree, BJ Habibie's grandfather was a religious leader, member of the religious court council, and one of the famous Gorontalo traditional leaders at that time.

BJ Habibie married Hasri Ainun Besari on May 12, 1962 in Rangga Malela, Bandung.

Habibie's extended family in Gorontalo is famous for raising cattle, owning a large number of horses, and owning coffee plantations. The introduction of the two began when they were teenagers, when both were still in junior high school until they continued when they were at Dago Christian High School in Bandung, West Java. Their communication was finally cut off after Habibie continued his studies and worked in West Germany, while Ainun remained in Indonesia and studied at the Faculty of Medicine, University of Indonesia. BJ Habibie married Hasri Ainun Besari on May 12, 1962 in Rangga Malela, Bandung. When she married Habibie, Ainun was faced with two choices, choosing to continue working at the children's hospital in Hamburg or participating in behind-the-scenes work as a wife and housewife. From their second marriage, Habibie and Ainun were blessed with two sons, namely Ilham Akbar Habibie and Thareq Kemal Habibie. Habibie studied mechanical engineering at the Faculty of Engineering, University of Indonesia Bandung (now Bandung Institute of Technology) in 1954. In 1955-1965, Habibie continued his studies in aeronautical engineering, specializing in aircraft construction, at RWTH Aachen, West Germany. Received an engineer's diploma in 1960 and an engineer's doctorate in 1965 with summa cum laude predicate. Habibie worked at Messerschmitt-Bölkow-Blohm, an airline company based in Hamburg, West Germany. In 1973, he returned to Indonesia at the request of President Suharto.

Habibie then served as Minister of State for Research and Technology (Menristek) from 1978 to March 1998. BJ Habibie's breakthrough while serving as Minister of Research and Technology began with his desire to implement the "Indonesian Vision". According to Habibie, Indonesia's leaps in the "Vision of Indonesia" rested on research and technology, particularly in strategic industries managed by PT IPTN, PT Pindad, and PT PAL. The target is that Indonesia as an agricultural country can jump straight into an industrial country with mastery of science and technology. Meanwhile, while serving as Minister of Research and Technology, Habibie was also elected as the first Chairman of the Association of Indonesian Muslim Intellectuals (ICMI). The peak of Habibie's career occurred in 1998, at which time he was appointed as President of the Republic of Indonesia (21 May 1998 - 20 October 1999), after previously serving as the 7th Vice President (served from 14 March 1998 to 21 May 1998) in the Cabinet. Development VII under President Suharto. Habibie inherited the chaotic state of the country after the resignation of Suharto during the New Order era, which led to rampant riots and the disintegration of almost all parts of Indonesia.

Immediately after gaining power, President Habibie immediately formed a cabinet. One of the important tasks is to regain support from the International Monetary Fund and the community of donor countries for economic recovery programs. He also freed political prisoners and reduced control over freedom of expression and organizational activities. During his short reign, he succeeded in providing a solid foundation for Indonesia. In his era, the Anti-Monopoly Law or Fair Competition Law was born, changes to the Political Party Law, and most importantly the Regional Autonomy Law. Through the implementation of the Regional Autonomy Law, the disintegration turmoil inherited from the New Order era was successfully suppressed and finally resolved in the era of President Susilo Bambang Yudhoyono. Without the Regional Autonomy Law, it is certain that Indonesia will suffer the same fate as the Soviet Union and Yugoslavia. The appointment of BJ Habibie as President caused various kinds of controversies for the people of Indonesia. Those who are pro consider Habibie's appointment to be constitutional. This is in accordance with the provisions of Article 8 of the 1945 Constitution which states that "if the President dies, quits, or is unable to carry out his obligations during his term of office, he is replaced by the Vice President until his term expires". Meanwhile, the contra consider that the appointment of BJ Habibie is unconstitutional. This is contrary to the provisions of Article 9 of the 1945 Constitution which states that "Before the president takes office, the president must take an oath or promise in front of the MPR or DPR". 1. Tap MPR No. VIII/MPR/1998 concerning the Revocation of Tap No. 2. Tap MPR No.

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XVIII/MPR/1998 concerning Revocation of MPR Decree No. 3. Tap MPR No. XII/MPR/1998 concerning Revocation of MPR Decree No. 4. Tap MPR No. XIII/MPR/1998 concerning Limitation of the Term of Office of the President and Vice President for a maximum of two terms. 1. Tap MPR No. 2. Tap MPR No. 3. Tap MPR No. 4. Tap MPR No. 5. Tap MPR No. 6. Tap MPR No. 7. Tap MPR No. VII/MPR/1998, regarding amendments and additions to MPR Decree No. 8. Tap MPR No. 9. Tap MPR No. 10. Tap MPR No. 11. Tap MPR No. 12. Tap MPR No. In the economic field, he managed to cut the exchange rate of the rupiah against the dollar, which was still between Rp. 10,000 - Rp. 15,000. However, at the end of his reign, especially after his accountability was rejected by the MPR, the rupiah exchange rate skyrocketed to a level of IDR 6,500 per US dollar, a value that would never be achieved again in the next government era. In addition, he also started implementing the independence of Bank Indonesia to focus more on managing the economy. According to the opposition, one of the biggest mistakes he made while serving as President was allowing a referendum on the province of East Timor (now Timor Leste).

He proposed something that was quite shocking to the public at that time, namely holding a poll for East Timorese to choose independence or remain part of Indonesia. It was this case that prompted the opposition, who were dissatisfied with Habibie's background, to work harder to bring him down. This effort finally succeeded when the 1999 General Assembly, he decided not to run again after his accountability report was rejected by the MPR. Views of the Habibie government in the early reform era tended to be negative, but over time, many viewed the Habibie government positively. One of the positive views was expressed by L. Misbah Hidayat in his book Administrative Reform: A Comparative Study of the Government of Three Presidents. After he no longer served as president, Habibie briefly lived and settled in Germany. However, during the era of Susilo Bambang Yudhoyono's presidency, he became active again as a presidential adviser to oversee the democratization process in Indonesia through the organization he founded the Habibie Center and eventually settled and domiciled in Indonesia. Habibie's great contribution to this nation was still poured out during the leadership of President Joko Widodo. Habibie is active in providing input and development ideas for the development of human resources in Indonesia. Another preoccupation of BJ Habibie is taking care of the aircraft industry which he is developing in Batam. Habibie served as President Commissioner of PT Regio Aviasi Industri, an R-80 aircraft design company and later handed over the helm of the company to his son, Ilham Habibie. Habibie died at the Gatot Subroto Army Hospital on September 11, 2019 at 18:05 WIB due to heart failure.

The day before his burial, BJ Habibie's body was taken from the RSPAD to Habibie-Ainun's residence on Jalan Patra Kuningan XIII Blok L15/7 No.5, Patra Kuningan area for burial. He was then buried next to his wife Hasri Ainun Besari at the Kalibata Heroes Cemetery slot 120 on September 12, 2019 at 14.00 WIB. The funeral ceremony was attended by the President of the Republic of Indonesia Joko Widodo as the ceremony inspector. BJ Habibie was the first Indonesian president to be interred in the hero's graveyard in the capital Jakarta, while presidents Sukarno and Abdurrahman Wahid were buried in East Java while president Suharto was buried in Karanganyar, Central Java. Gorontalo is the area of ​​origin of the extended family of BJ Habibie in Sulawesi. This area is closely related to Habibie's historical footprints as a child. Construction and Inauguration of the Provincial Hospital dr. Proposed use of the name BJ University Proposed use of the name BJBJ Airport Habibie was born in one of the old towns in South Sulawesi, namely the City of Parepare.

The city of Parepare is where Habibie lived as a child with his parents. Regional Hospital dr. Esa Sigit also plays a teenage Habibie in the film Habibie & Ainun, and Bastian Steel in the film Rudy Habibie. In the film Di Balik 98, Habibie is played by Agus Kuncoro. In the film Habibie & Ainun 3, young Habibie is played again by Reza Rahadian. Sophisticated technologies : taking root in developing countries, International journal of technology management : IJTM. Aircraft N-250 Gatot Kaca. Regards, S., 1986. BJ Habibie, Pearl of the East. Anwar, DF, 2010. The Habibie presidency: Catapulting towards reform. Suharto's New Order and its Legacy, p. Amir, S., 2007. Symbolic power in a technocratic regime: The reign of BJ Habibie in New Order Indonesia. Sojourn: Journal of Social Issues in Southeast Asia, 22(1), pp. Hosen, Nadirsyah, Indonesian political laws in Habibie Era : Between political struggle and law reform, Nordic journal of international law, ISSN 0029-151X, Bd. 72 (2003), 4, p. Rice, Robert Charles, Indonesian approaches to technology policy during the Suharto era : Habibie, Sumitro and others, Indonesian economic development (1990), p. Royal Academy of Engineering. Nurmalaningrum, RW, 2018. The fall of Suharto as President of the Republic of Indonesia.

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