The Arab-Indonesian tribe (Arabic: إندونيسي) is an Indonesian population who has Arab blood and Indonesian Natives. At the beginning of their arrival, they generally lived in Arab villages scattered in various cities in Indonesia. During the Dutch colonial era, they were considered a foreign eastern nation along with the Chinese-Indonesian and Indian-Indonesian tribes. After the great slander among Muslims that led to the killing of the fourth caliph Ali bin Abi Talib, a large-scale migration (hijrah) of his descendants to various parts of the world began. When Imam Ahmad Al-Muhajir migrated from Iraq to the Hadramaut area in Yemen, the descendants of Ali bin Abi Talib brought along 70 of his family and followers. Since then, their descendants have grown to become the largest tribe in Hadramaut, and from the city of Hadramaut this is the main origin of various Arab colonies who settled and mixed into citizens in Indonesia and other Asian countries. Apart from Indonesia, the Hadhrami people are also widely found in Oman, India, Pakistan, Southern Philippines, Malaysia, and Singapore. There are also citizens of Arab descent who come from other Middle Eastern and African countries in Indonesia, for example from Egypt, Saudi Arabia, Sudan or Morocco; but there are fewer in number than those from Hadramaut. The Hadrami Arabs who came to the archipelago before the 18th century were fully assimilated with the local population. As a product of assimilation, many of their descendants use local names rather than Arabic names.
He then married Makhdum Tansyuri, the younger brother of Syahir Nuwi from that country.
This is why the Hadrami Arabs who immigrated to the archipelago before the 18th century are difficult to identify, except for those who do have historical ties to the Islamic kingdoms in the archipelago. Rara Santang (daughter of King Siliwangi) who later had the son of Syarif Hidayatullah, and produced descendants from the kings of Banten on the western tip of Java Island, generally they can be identified by their nobility titles such as Tubagus or Ratu. Whereas those who came after the 18th century, fewer assimilated so that they were easier to identify with the clans they brought, such as Assegaf, al-Aydrus, al-Attas, and others. The arrival of Arab colonies from Hadramaut to Indonesia is estimated to occur in 3 main waves. The oldest historical record is the establishment of the Peureulak Kingdom in East Aceh on 1 Muharram 225 H (840 AD). Only 2 centuries after the death of the Prophet, one of his descendants, Sayyid Ali bin Muhammad Dibaj bin Ja'far Sadiq, moved to the land of Perlak. He then married Makhdum Tansyuri, the younger brother of Syahir Nuwi from that country. Shaykh Muhammad Shahib Mirbath of Hadramaut. He and his sons preached far and wide to all corners of Southeast Asia to the archipelago with the main strategy of spreading Islam through marriage with local residents, mainly from the nobility of the Hindu Kingdom.
This century is the last wave, marked by the mass migration of the Hadramaut Alawites who spread Islam while trading in the archipelago. These last immigrants can be marked by their descendants until now because unlike their predecessors, they did not intermarry much with the indigenous population. In addition, it can be marked by clans that are commonly known today such as al-Attas, Assegaf, al-Jufri, al-Aydrus, Shihab, Shahab, al-Haddad, al-Habsyi, and others. This is understandable because these clans were only formed recently. While other clans were formed even later, generally in the 16th century. Usually the clan name is taken from the title of a highly respected local cleric. Based on estimates in 1366 AH, their number is now no less than 70 thousand inhabitants, It consists of approximately 200 clans. In fact, according to Rabithah Alawiyah's records, there are at least around 1.2 million Arab-Indonesians who are 'entitled' to bear the title Habib. They have ancestors who came from Yemen, especially Hadramaut. Habib in Arab-Indonesian circles is a Middle Eastern nobility title that is specifically attributed to the descendants of the Prophet Muhammad through Fatimah az-Zahra and Ali bin Abi Talib. In 1870 the Suez Canal was opened, so that ships from Europe to the East including the Dutch East Indies could directly pass through Suez. Then the port of Tanjung Priok, North Jakarta began to be built in a modern way in 1877. Furthermore Koninklijke Paketvaart Maatschappij, a Dutch shipping company operated in 1888 with the European - Dutch East Indies route, allowing Arab Hadramaut or Egyptian Arabs to come to the Dutch East Indies, and gradually from 1870 until after 1888 there was migration of Arabs and Egypt to the Dutch East Indies.
They did not bring their families, because according to Arab tradition, women were not allowed to travel much less to the Dutch East Indies by boat for days. The first descendants born in the Dutch East Indies, for example, were Abdurrahman Baswedan born in Surabaya 1908 (Anies Baswedan's grandfather) and Syech Albar born in Surabaya 1914 (Ahmad Albar's father). Currently, it is estimated that the number of Hadramaut Arab descendants in Indonesia is greater than the number of those in their own ancestral place. The population of Hadramaut itself is only about 1.8 million people. Even a number of clans in Hadramaut itself are already extinct (such as Basyeiban and Haneman) in Indonesia, there are still quite a number. Banjarmasin (Arabic Village), and many more scattered in other cities such as Banda Aceh, Sigli, Medan, Lampung, Makassar, Gorontalo, Ambon, Mataram, Ampenan, Sumbawa, Dompu, Bima, Kupang, and Papua. The Arab descendants of Hadramaut in Indonesia, like their country of origin, Yemen, consist of 2 major groups, namely the Alawite group and the Qabili group. In Indonesia, since ancient times there have been many people of Arab descent who have become fighters, scholars and preachers. Among the prominent propagators of the religion was Walisongo, who was strongly suspected (Van Den Berg, 1886) to be of Arab descent from Hadramaut and/or to be their students. The Hadramaut Arabs who came around the 15th century and before have fundamental differences with those who came in the next wave (18th century and after). As mentioned by Van Den Berg, these predecessors were widely assimilated with the natives, especially from the Hindu royal family.
This was done in order to accelerate the spread of Islam, so that their descendants could hardly be recognized as Arab descendants of Hadramaut. Among the Hadramaut clans who first came to Indonesia were the Basyaiban family, namely Sayyid Abdurrahman bin Abu Hafs Umar Basyaiban BaAlawi in the 17th century AD. In the heyday of the Islamic kingdoms in Indonesia, several Arab descendants were ruled by the local community, including in Java (Demak, Cirebon, Banten, and Sumedang Larang), Sumatra (Peureulak, Aceh, Siak, Pelalawan, and Riau-Lingga), to Kalimantan (Sambas, Pontianak, Mempawah, Kubu, Sabamban, and Pasir). In addition, for a long time there were also many Arab descendants who became traders, and they were scattered in various parts of the Indonesian archipelago. The Hadramaut Arabs who came in the 18th century and after, did not marry as many natives as the previous wave of arrivals. They came already carrying the names of the clans that were formed later (around the 16th-17th centuries). The descendants of the Hadramaut Arabs who came recently, are still easily recognizable through their distinctive clan names. Until now, Arab-Indonesians have played an active role in the field of Islamic religion and various other fields of life in Indonesia. The Peureulak Kingdom was founded in 225 Hijriyah / 840 AD by Sultan Alaiddin Syed Maulana Abdul Aziz Syah. He is the son of Sayyid Ali bin Muhammad Dibaj bin Ja'far ash-Sadiq, the 8th generation of Rasulullah SAW The first Sultan of Demak is Raden Patah, he is a student and son-in-law of Sunan Ampel. Although there are various versions regarding the origin of the founder of the Demak Kingdom, according to historical data from al-Habib Hadi bin Abdullah al-Haddar and al-Habib Bahruddin Azmatkhan Ba'Alawi, Raden Patah is the son of Sultan Abu Abdullah (Wan Bo or King Champa ) bin Ali Nurul Alam bin Maulana Husain Jumadil Kubro bin Ahmad Shah Jalaluddin bin Abdullah Azmatkhan bin Abdul Malik bin Alawi Amal al-Faqih bin Muhammad Shahib Mirbath.
According to him, there was a twisting of history related to Raden Patah's lineage by foreign orientalist figures at that time which distorted Raden Patah's lineage to Brawijaya V or Bhre Kertabumi, the last King of Majapahit from the Raden Wijaya dynasty, which even this historical error is also listed in the Babad Tanah Jawi. Galuh Mataram. The Sultanate of Banten was founded in 1568 AD by Sultan Maulana Hasanuddin at the behest and blessing of his father, Sultan Syarif Hidayatullah bin Syarif Abdullah of the Sultanate of Cirebon, one of Walisongo. The Cirebon Sultanate was founded by Raden Wadirectsang (Prince Cakrabuana) in 1430 AD, the eldest son of Sri Baduga Maharaja Prabu Siliwangi with Nyai Subanglarang. In 1479, Prince Wadirectsang handed over power over the Cirebon Sultanate to his nephew, Sunan Gunung Jati (Syarif Hidayatullah) and crowned him as the 2nd king of the Cirebon Sultanate. The Siak Sultanate became an Islamic kingdom in 1723 AD. Since the VII Sultan, the reins of leadership have been held by the grandchildren of Sayyid Usman bin Syihabuddin. At the time of the XII Sultan, Sultan Syarif Kasim II, as the last Sultan of Siak, had sincerely accelerated the process of independence and territorial integrity of Indonesia by surrendering and incorporating the Sultanate of Siak into the Unitary State of the Republic of Indonesia.
The Pontianak Sultanate was founded in 1914 H / 1773M by Syarif Abdurrahman bin Habib Husain al-Qadri. In 1950 AD, the last Sultan of Pontianak, Sultan Hamid II al-Qadri, handed over the sultanate to the government of the Republic of Indonesia. The Kubu Kingdom was founded in 1911 H / 1778M, its first Sultan was Syarif Idrus bin Abdurrahman Alaydrus. In 1958 AD, the last Sultan of Kubu, Syarif Hasan bin Zen 'Alaydrus, handed over the sultanate to the government of the Republic of Indonesia. The Sabamban Kingdom was founded by Prince Syarif Ali bin Syarif Abdurrahman Alaydrus, grandson of Syarif Idrus bin Abdurrahman Alaydrus, the first king of the Kubu Kingdom. After Prince Syarif Ali died, his grandson named Prince Syarif Qasim bin Syarif Hasan Alaydrus was appointed the second king of the Kingdom of Sabamban. The first king of the Riau-Lingga Sultanate was Sultan Abdul Rahman Muazzam Shah (ruled from 1819 - 1832) who was also the 17th Sultan of Johor, he was the son of Sultan Mahmud Shah III, the 16th king of the Johor Sultanate. Sultan Abdul Rahman Muazzam Shah is a descendant of Tun Habib Abdul Majid, the 19th Treasurer of the Sultanate of Johor. The first Islamic king of the Sambas Sultanate was Raden Sulaiman, who was crowned in 1671 with the title Sultan Muhammad Syafiuddin I. Raden Sulaiman was the son of the first Sultan of Sarawak, Prince Muda Tengah bin Sultan Muhammad Hasan. His grandfather, Sultan Muhammad Hasan, was the 10th Sultan of Brunei. From the genealogy of Sultan Muhammad Hasan, Raden Sulaiman has a lineage to Sultan Syarif Ali of Tha'if, the 4th Sultan of Brunei who is the son-in-law of the 3rd Sultan of Brunei Sultan Ahmad. The Sultanate of Aceh was founded by Ali Mughayat Syah of the Meukuta Alam Dynasty. In subsequent developments, the Sultanate of Aceh was led by several dynasties, including the descendants of the Silver Dynasty, the descendants of Inderapura, the Darul-Kamal dynasty, the descendants of the Pahang dynasty, the Syarif Jamalillail dynasty, and finally the Bugis dynasty.
39; Alawi from Mempawah was blessed with two children, Imam Mustafa and Princess Ratna Berana.
The first ruler of the Sand Kingdom was Putri Betung or Putri Dalam Petung. Putri Betung is married to an Arab descendant named Prince Indera Jaya from Gresik and has two children, Adjie Patih Indra and Putri Adjie Meter. In subsequent developments, Adjie Patih replaced his mother's position as king in the Sand Kingdom. Meanwhile, Putri Adjie Meter married an Arab descendant of Ba' Alawi from the Mempawah Sultanate. It was the husband of Princess Adjie Meter who later spread Islam in the Sand Kingdom around 1600 AD. The marriage between Princess Adjie Meter and an Arab descendant of Ba' Alawi from Mempawah was blessed with two children, Imam Mustafa and Princess Ratna Berana. Princess Ratna Berana was then married to Adjie Anum bin Adjie Patih Indra. The descendants of the marriage between Princess Ratna Berana and Adjie Anum are what will later bring down the kings of the Sand Kingdom. Prince Santri ruled the Sumedang Larang Kingdom from 1530 - 1579, after previously he married Queen Pucuk Umun, a descendant of the ancient Sumedang Larang kings who had embraced Islam.
39;Isaa. Kuala Lumpur: Utusan Printcorp Sdn.
Prince Santri is the son of Prince Pamelekaran bin Pangeran Panjunan bin Sheikh Datuk Kahfi who is still a descendant of Sayyid Muhammad Sohib Mirbath, Hadramaut. After Prince Santri died in 1579, his son named Pangeran Angkawijaya ascended the throne (ruled from 1579 - 1601) and declared the sovereignty of the Sumedang Larang Kingdom from the Cirebon Sultanate after the Harisbaya incident in 1585. Thus, Prince Angkawijaya was the first sovereign king of Sumedang Larang (with the title Prabu Geusan Ulun) after breaking away from the Cirebon Sultanate. Once upon a time (2013-01-23). "Hadrami Scholars in Betawi Land: Preaching With All Your Heart". Hartono, Sunaryati (2015). Analysis and Evaluation of Legislation Concerning Colonial Heritage (Netherlands and Japan) (PDF). Jakarta: National Legal Development Agency, Ministry of Law and Human Rights of the Republic of Indonesia. Muslim, Grandma. "Knowing the Descendants of the Prophet Muhammad SAW in Indonesia". Budianto, Enggran Eko. "Napak Tilas Sayyid Hussein Jumadil Kubro, Mr. Wali Songo". Travel (in English). Ibrahim Ismail (1992-01-01). Sheikh Dawud al-Fatani: an analysis of his role and contribution to the Islamic treasures in the archipelago (in Malay). S. Kom, H. Zainal Hakim,. Budiyuwono, Hartanto. 2014. "Request for residential space based on post-user ethnicity in Tegal City". Mukhafidoh. 2016. "Construction of a culture of peace in the Arab Village community, Mulyoharjo Village, Pemalang District, Pemalang Regency". Yamakasi, Madon. "Palembang City Tourism Office". Interview: Hamid Al-Gadri Archived 2008-06-18 at the Wayback Machine. Alattas, Alwi (2005): Pan-Islamism and Islamic Resurgence in the Netherlands East Indies: The Role of Abdullah ibn Alwi Al-Attas (1840-1928). International Conference Proceeding The Yemen-Hadrami in Southeast Asia: Identity Maintenance or Assimilation? Kuala Lumpur: International Islamic University Malaysia (IIUM). Al-Kaff, Seggaff bin Ali. 1992. Diraasat fi Nasab as-Saadat banii 'alawii: Dzuriyyat al-Imam al-Muhajir Ahmad ibn 'Isaa. Kuala Lumpur: Utusan Printcorp Sdn. Van den Berg, LWC (1886/2010) Arabs in the Archipelago.
Scott Shelly ( Hangul:셸리 ) is one of the female protagonists in the webtoon. She begins a one-sided relationship with Jay at the start of the series but as the story progress they have a mutual crush on each other and as of chapter 378 they are in a relationship. Shelly is the only female member of the Humming Bird Crew. Because she stayed at England before coming to Korea her personality is perceived as very headstrong. She does not like it when people talk badly about her friends, especially Jay. Shelly also has a lot of stamina and strength, she can keep up with the group's pace when racing and can actually send people flying with her punch (Although that may be for comedic reasons) but never got into the street fights with the guys of the crew. When she was hit on in her first appearance on the series she refused with a lot of sass. Mia described her as someone who can confidently express her thoughts and feelings. Although her words are harsh, it is because she never sugar coated her words with her friends. And with Jay, Shelly is very clingy and flirtatious. She has very foreign features: pale skin, her eyes actually look more mint green in color than blue, blond wavy hair. It is known later in the series that she has a tattoo in the side of her arm near the wrist that reads out "temet nosce" or "Know Thyself". At school she wears her uniform usually without the red vest and both wears the skirt and pants.